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How did the Texas Revolution Happen? (Part 2)

Texas Revolution Part 1 | Texas Revolution Part 2

The Texans put their protests together and presented them to president Santa Anna. When this happened, Santa Anna had Stephen Austin arrested and held for several years without a trial. Eventually he was released. Stephen Austin actually became a chairman of the Committee on Public Safety. However, president Santa Anna assembled an army of 8,000 soldiers in an effort to control the American Texans.

Mexican President Santa Anna

Mexican President Santa Anna, mid-1800’s.

The time for battle had come, and the first major battle took place at the Alamo, the fortified mission of San Antonio. Many lives were lost on both sides there. General Sam had ordered the Alamo defenders to retreat. However, they stayed. Among them were Davy Crockett, W. B. Travis, and Jim Bowie. All the Texans there were killed, and the attackers from Mexico had 1,500 casualties.

Sam Houston was originally from Virginia, but had moved to Tennessee to live with his mother on a farm. When he became 15 years old he left farmwork to reside with the Cherokee. “Raven” became his tribal name given to him by the Cherokee. He fought the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend with President Jackson’s army during the War of 1812. Badly wounded, he went on to practice law after the war. After that, he was a Congressman, and went onto become the Tennessee’s governor. He resigned his position after his marriage failed. Housten decided to go back and live with the Cherokee again.

General Samuel Houston

General Samuel Houston

Sam Houston was sent to Texas in 1832 by President Jackson in order to conduct dealings with the Comanches. He ended up staying in Texas in order to practice law, negotiate land deals, and then to become involved with the Texans’ conflicts with Santa Anna.

On March 2, 1836, the Texans declared their independence from Mexico. General Urrea‘s army engaged the Texans at Goliad, who were under the command of J.W. Fannin. 330 of Fannin’s soldiers were captured. Instead of being treated as prisoners of war, they were shot and executed by Urrea’s men, under orders from a letter sent by president Santa Anna.

Sam Houston had only 800 soldiers left after the battles of Goliad and the Alamo. He decided to retreat, and to attack later when it was the right time. Santa Anna’s army was resting at San Jacinto, so Sam Houston saw this as the right opportunity. The Texans were victorious, however Sam Houston was badly wounded. The Texan soldiers brought Santa Anna to meet with President Jackson.

The Battle of San Jacinto

“The Battle of San Jacinto”, painted in 1895.

There was a problem with this meeting, however — an important detail was omitted. Santa Anna wasn’t even the president of Mexico anymore. He did not mention this to President Jackson, or to Sam Houston. Yet, Santa Anna had told them Texas was now to be considered free and independent from Mexico, and had signed statements to that effect — even though he didn’t have the authority.

Regardless, Texas went on to declare its independence in 1836. The new nation held a presidential race between Stephen Austin and Samuel Houston, in which Houston won. People knew of Houston’s policy to be “a just and liberal cause.” When Houston’s presidential term ended, Mirabeau Lamar became the next president. Lamar’s policy was different, which was more of a “get tough” policy. In fact, he drove Native Americans out of Texas, pushing the Comanches to the west and the Cherokee to the east. Samuel Houston ended up returning to the presidency in 1841.

In all, this area of Texas was known as the Republic of Texas for nine years.

Then, on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the United States of America as the 28th state.

What happened to Texas and the United States next? THE MEXICAN WAR!

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Source of fact information: Mark Twain Media, Inc., Publishers

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